Islamic Banking and Firm Performance: Costs, Benefits, and Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis
Robert Chirinko  1@  , Ozgur Arslan-Ayaydin, Mahir Binici@
1 : University of Illinois at Chicago; CESifo  (UIC; CESifo)  -  Site web
601 S. Morgan St. (MC 168) 2333 University Hall Chicago, Illinois 60607 USA -  États-Unis

The roles played by Western-oriented banks in creating and exacerbating the Global Financial Crisis invite investigation and comparison of alternative banking arrangements. The dual-banking system in Turkey allows us to obtain a better understanding of Islamic banks in resolving the two fundamental finance problems -- transferring funds from savers to borrowers and efficiently allocating those funds among competing borrowers. We are particularly concerned with the effects of that resolution on real activity by non-financial firms. Islamic banking relations are analyzed in terms of secular, Western-oriented, finance concepts and the ways in which they reduce financial frictions. Islamic banking relationships attenuate financial frictions and shift risk from firms to banks (where risk can be borne more efficiently). The extent to which these features of Islamic banking relationships affect firms and improve or impair real economic performance are evaluated empirically. With a unique dataset of 100,000 firm/year observations, we document the advantages of an Islamic banking relation in normal times in terms of increasing investment and expanding the size of the firm. During abnormal times, we find that firms with an Islamic banking relationship investment much less, suggesting the dark side of an Islamic banking relationship. Religiosity is an important factor in the adoption decision by firms for an exclusive Islamic banking relationship. We use this ”instrument” to re-examine the sensitivity of investment, expansion, and cash holdings to an Islamic banking relationship. Propensity score matching estimates confirm our previous findings.


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